Johnny Bull on a Whale: Geography Bewitched or, a Droll Caricature Map of England and Wales, 1793, Designed by Robert Dighton; published in London by Bowles & Carver. Image source: British Museum.
"John Bull" was the beer-drinking patriotic English "yeoman" created in 1712 by John Arbuthnot, a friend of Jonathan Swift ("Gullivers' Travels") and satirist Alexander Pope.
Early versions depict John Bull in opposition to the French "Louis Baboon" (House of Borbon) and later to Napolean Bonaparte (see below)
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